Dental Care for Patients with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome
What is Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS)?
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a group of genetic disorders that affect the connective tissues in the body. Connective tissues provide support and structure for the skin, bones, joints, and other organs. In people with EDS, the connective tissues are weakened or defective, which can lead to a variety of health problems, including joint hypermobility, loose skin, and easy bruising.
Oral Health Implications of EDS
People with EDS are at increased risk for a number of oral health problems, including:
- Gum disease: EDS can make it difficult for gums to attach to teeth, which can lead to gum disease. Gum disease is a serious infection that can damage the gums and bones that support the teeth.
- Tooth decay: People with EDS may be more prone to tooth decay due to a number of factors, including decreased salivation, difficulty brushing and flossing, and increased susceptibility to mouth ulcers.
- Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders: TMJ disorders are problems that affect the joints that connect the jawbone to the skull. People with EDS are more likely to develop TMJ disorders due to their hypermobile joints.
- Tooth sensitivity: People with EDS may have sensitive teeth due to the thinness of their enamel or the exposure of their tooth roots.
- Dry mouth: Dry mouth is a common problem for people with EDS. It can make it difficult to keep the teeth and gums clean and healthy.
Dental Care for Patients with EDS
It is important for people with EDS to see a dentists in las vegas regularly for preventive care and treatment of any oral health problems. Dental appointments may need to be scheduled more frequently than usual, depending on the severity of the patient’s EDS.
Here are some tips for dental care for patients with EDS:
- Choose a dentist who is knowledgeable about EDS. Not all dentists are familiar with the unique dental needs of people with EDS. It is important to find a dentist who understands your condition and can provide you with the best possible care.
- Communicate your needs with your dentist. Be sure to tell your dentist about your EDS diagnosis and any other medical conditions you have. This will help your dentist develop a treatment plan that is safe and effective for you.
- Be gentle when brushing and flossing your teeth. People with EDS may have sensitive gums and teeth. It is important to be gentle when brushing and flossing to avoid causing further damage.
- Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. A soft-bristled toothbrush will help to protect your sensitive gums. Fluoride toothpaste helps to strengthen teeth and prevent decay.
- Use interdental cleaners to clean between your teeth. Interdental cleaners, such as floss or interdental brushes, are important for removing plaque and food particles from between your teeth, where your toothbrush cannot reach.
- Get regular dental checkups and cleanings. It is important to see your dentist regularly for preventive care and treatment of any oral health problems. Dental checkups and cleanings can help to prevent gum disease, tooth decay, and other oral health problems.
Additional Considerations for Dental Care in EDS
- Local anesthesia: Local anesthesia may be less effective in people with EDS. Your dentist may need to use more anesthesia or different types of anesthesia to achieve numbness.
- Bleeding: People with EDS may bleed more easily than usual. Your dentist may take special precautions to prevent bleeding during dental procedures.
- Nitrous oxide: Nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas, is a sedative that is often used during dental procedures. However, nitrous oxide can interact with certain medications that people with EDS may be taking. Be sure to tell your dentist about all of the medications you are taking before having any dental procedures.
- Orthodontics: Orthodontics can be a challenge for people with EDS. Their teeth may be more likely to move out of place after treatment. Your dentist will carefully monitor your progress during orthodontic treatment and make adjustments as needed.
- Dental surgery: Dental surgery may be more risky for people with EDS due to their increased risk of bleeding and other complications. Your dentist will discuss the risks and benefits of any dental surgery with you before proceeding.
People with EDS need to take special care of their oral health. By following the tips above, you can help to prevent and manage oral health problems. It is also important to see a dentist regularly for preventive care and treatment of any oral health problems.